Saturday, June 11, 2005

raw milk in Seattle

What is Real Milk?: "The source of most commercial milk is the modern Holstein, bred to produce huge quantities of milk three times as much as the old-fashioned cow. She needs special feed and antibiotics to keep her well. Her milk contains high levels of growth hormone from her pituitary gland, even when she is spared the indignities of genetically engineered Bovine Growth Hormone to push her to the udder limits of milk production."

Real milk:

- is from cows that eat grass, not grain
- is processed cleanly, instead of using pasteurization to make up for the filth
- in not homogonized
- is high in butterfat (yum)

Rules vary by state, but it's hard to get raw milk in most places.

One way to get it is to own your own cow. Most people don't want to be farmers, so you can hire someone else to care for your cow. As the cow owner, you are entitled to the milk from the cow.

We own 2/1000ths of a herd ("2 herd shares"), which entitles us to 2 gallons of raw milk / week.

If we don't drink it all, I make yogurt, which keeps a long time.

It's a bit more expensive than organic milk, but that makes sense. I'm paying a farmer to work even harder to keep my milk clean. Also, it's a small operation, and the farmer is local, so the economy of scale doesn't factor in.


Grace Lukens said...

We are a grade A goat milk dairy in Whatcom County. We are now certified to sell raw milk. We are looking for customers!

Anonymous said...

Where can one find raw milk in Seattle? Is it illegal or have I not found the right place?

Jay Bazuzi said...

The Campaign for Real Milk maintains a list of sources. See the WA list:

I own part of herd, managed by Stan Holy, (253) 677-9106, Nice guy.

Anthony Williams said...

Here in the UK, we can buy raw organic milk from the local greengrocers (it comes from a local farm), and where we used to live we bought it direct from the local organic farm. Not many places sell it, but there aren't any rules against it, provided it is labelled as such.

Fred Beavon said...

I also buy my milk from Stan Holy but I pick mine up in Shoreline. The following article from the Seattle P-I may be of interest.

Saturday, November 26, 2005

Tiny dairies run afoul of state regulators
Raw milk providers who sell shares in cow don't see themselves in the retail business


VASHON ISLAND -- Kelsey Kozak's kitchen is a dairy wonderland. Fresh cheeses, yogurt and quarts of fresh raw milk abound, all compliments of Iris, a gentle, tan cow that grazes on the family's seven-acre property.

Just 16, Kelsey has established and runs Fort Bantam Creamery from her family home on Vashon.

At first, Kelsey's parents and sister were the main consumers of her culinary creations from Iris' raw, unpasteurized milk. Then, neighbors got samples, and from there a small but passionate business began. Raw milk aficionados bought a "share" of Iris for a fee, and Kelsey handled the care, feeding and milking for them.

"After you've been drinking raw milk for a while, you can't drink store-bought again," she said. "It has a lot more flavor and is healthier."

But regulators have taken notice of these small, community-driven models across the state, saying that they need to be licensed and regulated with the state Department of Agriculture or else must stop operations. Recently, the agency has been sending cease and desist letters to raw microdairies that aren't licensed, sparking a small battle over whether the state has a right to regulate what many consider a private operation.

With only one dairy cow whose milk production is tapering off and a handful of shareholders, the Kozaks don't consider themselves in the retail business like large dairies. They also don't consider themselves rule breakers.

"If they send a letter, we'll stop," said Kelsey's father, Chuck. "That would be unfortunate. We know the people now and they really love the product and we love sharing it. We definitely don't do it for the money."

Interest in raw, unpasteurized milk has been on the rise across the nation, part of the growing organic and natural foods movement. Proponents say raw milk is healthier and better tasting than the pasteurized, homogenized milk on supermarket shelves.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration claims that raw milk is dangerous, possibly carrying deadly pathogens such as campylobacter, salmonella and E. coli.

But supporters of raw milk say it's the victim of a smear campaign.

"Raw milk from healthy animals is the safest milk in the world," said Ron Schmid, author of "The Untold Story of Milk."

Selling raw milk for human consumption is legal in 28 states, according to the Weston A. Price Foundation, a raw milk advocacy group based in Washington, D.C. Five states allow raw milk for animal consumption, a loophole that raw milk fans exploit. In some of the remaining states, including Colorado, Virginia and Wisconsin, raw milk is available through cow share programs.

Numerous cow share programs likely exist below the radar.

"We know a lot of small farmers don't want to pay, or get involved in the bureaucracy," said Bill Sanda, executive director of the foundation.

In Washington state, raw milk sales are legal if the farm is licensed through the state, which requires monthly testing of the milk and inspection of the farm and milk-bottling room.

Also, each bottle must contain a warning label stating "WARNING: This product has not been pasteurized and may contain harmful bacteria. Pregnant women, children, the elderly, and persons with lowered resistance to disease have the highest risk of harm from use of this product."

Janet Anderberg, public health adviser with the state Department of Health, said there was an E. coli outbreak last year involving three people in Whatcom County tied to illegal raw milk. In 2003, three people in Yakima County and eight in Skagit County became ill from tainted milk.

"No one has died as a result of a raw milk outbreak, but we've had some really sick people," Anderberg said.

The state agency has sent out four letters to unlicensed raw dairies across the state in the past several months, said Claudia Coles, program manager of the agency's food safety program.

Six dairies in the state are licensed to sell Grade A raw milk, both goat and cow, Coles said.

"The people who are using a cow share operation in lieu of being licensed with us are doing so to sidestep licensing criteria," Coles said.

Those criteria for cow shares include submitting to inspections every three to six months, and ensuring that the milking and bottling areas are up to code, which includes having a separate room for bottling the milk, something that the Kozaks -- who bottle in their house -- say is an unreasonable financial burden.

"How worth it is it to have a cow or two if you have to go make a stainless steel kitchen that's only for bottling the milk and nothing else?" Kelsey's mother, Linda, asked.

A statewide campaign in support of the raw dairy shareholder has formed under two organizations, the Washington Association of Shareholder Dairy Owners and the Raw Dairy Choice Campaign.

"You can't buy what you already own," said Chrys Ostrander, organizer of Raw Dairy Choice and co-founder of the shareholder association. "If you're a shareholder and you can demonstrate that through legal documentation and you contract with the farmer, that's no different than having your own cows at your own home."

George Calvert, who operates a cow share out of Calvert's Castle dairy in Medical Lake, near Spokane, received a letter from the state in August. His attorney responded in September, saying they weren't selling milk and therefore weren't in violation. So far, the state hasn't responded.

Calvert charges a $40 one-time fee for a share of the cow; $14 a month covers the boarding, feeding and milking.

"What you've got is the state telling you how to run your dairy, instead of the owner of the cows you are accountable to," Calvert said. "I don't need the state to tell me how to run my dairy."

[Editor's note: The Associated Press misspelled the family name of one owner in the original publication of this article. Their name is Kozak, not Kozack.]

Jay Bazuzi said...

Thanks for the article, Fred. (Although I do wish you had linked it, instead of copying it here.)

It's a shame, but not a surprise, to see people trying to push raw milk producers and consumers around. The big money doesn't like to see local, community efforts.

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